Sandite Hall of Fame Inductees




Each year educators, business leaders, students & community members come together to honor notable Sandites and to raise money for the Sand Springs Education Foundation. Honored Sandites must have spent a specific amount of time in the Sand Springs School System. Nominees to be awarded are individuals who have made great strides in their personal and professional life and bring admiration to the term "Sandite".


Sandite Hall of Fame Members


2016

John H. Rudy
Sand Springs High School Class of 1953

William R. White
Charles Page High School Class of 1965

2015

Dr. Clyde Boyd Jr.
Sand Springs High School Class of 1943

Chris Thurmond
Charles Page High School Class of 1971

2014

Ward Sherrill
Charles Page High School, Class of 1963

Ward Sherrill is a 1963 graduate of Charles Page High School where he served as senior class president, student council and was selected for the Craftsman Award. Ward played basketball for Coach Cecil Hankins. His senior year he was selected as the Ark Valley Basketball Player of the Year. Other awards were Tulsa Daily World Basketball Player of the Year, named to the North All-State Basketball Team & averaged 23.4 points per game. Ward signed with Oklahoma State Basketball Team and played for the legendary Henry Iba. At OSU, Ward majored in Biology and received his Secondary School Administration in 1969. His school employment career started as teacher and coach for Shawnee Mission NW High School where he worked for 6 years. Returning to OK in 1982 landed him a position at Central Jr. High and then as Athletic Director for Sand Springs Schools. He then served 8 years as principal for Charles Page High School. From 2002-2008 he served as vice-principal and principal for the L.E. Radar Center. Ward began serving on the Sand Springs City Council in 2006 and served 2 terms. He and his wife Linda have 2 children, are avid OSU fans and spend their time in Sand Springs and enjoying travel throughout the US.

Mike Burdge
(Charles Page High School, Class of 1969)

2013

Harlan S. Pinkerton, Jr.
Charles Page High School Class of 1960

Harlan Pinkerton, Jr. completed his schooling in Sand Springs Public Schools in 1960, graduating Valedictorian of the first graduation class of Charles Page High School. After graduation he attended college at the University of Oklahoma receiving a B.S. in Political Science. Harlan was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the US Air Force in 1964. In the Air Force he served as Fighter and Instructor Pilot Captain, along with performing 123 combat missions in Vietnam and Korea. He has also received several military honors including the Distinguished Flying Cross, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, National Defense Medal , just to name a few. After an Honorable Discharge he completed a Juris Doctorate in Law from Oklahoma City University College of Law in 1975. His work background in law has included practice law before the US Supreme Court, the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals, and all Federal courts in Oklahoma. Since 1976, he has served as the City Prosecutor for the City of Sand Springs. Harlan is very active in Rotary International, serving as Past President, Sand Springs Airport Advisory Board, the Oklahoma Bar Association and Sigma Alpha Epsilon at OU. Harlan also serves as an Elder at the Sand Springs Presbyterian Church. One of Mr. Pinkerton’s passions is coordinating the Veterans Day program at CPHS. For the past 20 years this program has given the students the opportunity to hear from a variety of distinguished veterans.
Harlan is married to his wife Lou and they have 4 grown children and 7 grandsons.

Dianne Dinkel
Charles Page High School Class of 1970

Ms. Dinkel attended all her schooling in the Sand Springs Public Schools, graduating from Charles Page High School in 1970. Upon graduation, Dianne spent several years in the workforce at West Electric, Inc. in the accounting dept. She received a B.S. in Training and Development from Grand Canyon University in 1984 and a Master of Business Administration from Arizona State University in 1987. Then she completed her Doctorate in Educational Leadership at Northern Arizona University in 2006. Dianne Dinkel has been the President and CEO of ATHENA International since 2008. She works with over 200 communities and 7 countries to support, develop and honor women leaders through the various ATHENA programs. She creates new programs that focus on developing leadership skills in emerging women leaders and college students. Prior to her position at ATHENA, she spent over 28 years as the Senior Fiscal Officer at 2 private universities. Dianne has received numerous awards such as 100 Women Who Make a Difference, the Spirit Award from Women in Management and the Outstanding Service Award for Public Education. Ms. Dinkel is married to her husband Jeffry and lives and works in the Colorado Springs, CO. They have 2 adult children and 4 grandchildren.

2012

Janet Rutland Eicher
Charles Page High School Class of 1975

Janet Rutland Eicher was born September 23, 1957 in Okemah, Oklahoma to Les & Wanda Rutland. Janet graduated from Charles Page High School in 1975. While in high school she was active in select choir, band flag core, drama, Music Masters & Student Council. Janet went on to attend Oklahoma State from 1975-1977. While there she was a member of the Chi Omega social sorority. She decided in 1979 to pursue her passion of singing by traveling with the Tim Henry Show Band. When she returned to Oklahoma, she continued to sing in local venues. Janet married Shelby Eicher in June of 1984. They have 3 sons, Nathan, Paul & Isaac. The Eicher family is very talented in their own right, performing bluegrass music for area festivals including the 2001 Sandite Hall of Fame. Rutland has starred in numerous theater productions including Always...Patsy Cline, Honky Tonk Angels, My Way—tribute to Frank Sinatra, HTA Holiday Spectacular, The Immigrant & The Full Monty. Summer Stage cabaret shows for the Tulsa Performing Arts Center have been ‘S Wonderful, Recipe for Love, Screen Gems, This Thing Called Love, One for my Baby, Pure country & Pink Dirt Paradise. Janet was the featured artist at the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame & a cast member of the annual Divas for H.O.P.E. benefit. Janet has also preformed in some of the Sand Springs Community Theatre Productions—1940’s Radio Hour & Quilters. Janet has produced 3 CDs. She has also worked for local dentists Dr. Tom Shanks & Hammond Family Dentistry.

Lt. Col. Eric Bloom
Charles Page High School Class of 1982

Eric Bloom had a dedicated work ethic as a young man which translated into receiving multiple opportunities over his career life. His love of travel started with his first job at International Travel. The office world map sparked his interest in seeing the world. During high school, Eric was active in Band, Speech & Debate. But his favorite class was Drama and working the technical aspects of the stage. College brought opportunities to work with cameras and edit. Enlisting in the OK National Guard helped provide for college tuition. Since Eric was a Citizen Solider, he continued in the workforce in the area of television. Working for Cloud Nine Productions in Tulsa gave him producing and directing experience in short films and commercials. Finally earning a degree in Broadcast Production, Eric went on to produce larger shows , many for motivational speakers such as Zig Ziglar, Tony Robbins, President George H. Bush and others. It was while on a marketing trip for WILTEL that life changed for Eric. It was the return trip from California on Sept. 11, 2001 that Eric went from being a citizen solider to Major Eric Bloom and deployment to Afghanistan as Public Affairs Officer for the 45th Infantry Brigade. In Afghanistan it was Major Bloom's job to tell the OK National Guard story and train new Afghan Army public affairs officers. In 2005 Eric retired from the OK National Guard and was assessed onto active duty in Heidelberg, Germany. Maj. Bloom was now assigned to the Public Affairs Office for the US Army Europe Command. In Germany he served as the Public Affairs officer, training NATO units deploying to Afghanistan and the Balkans. During the time in Iraq, Lt. Co. Bloom worked side-by-side another country's Army training them on concepts of communicating to the media and their citizens. With combat action ceasing in Aug. 2010, a peacekeeping operation was now in effect. He established the Iraqi Army's new Arabic Facebook & Twitter sites along with the 1st Armored Divisions social media sites. This earned Bloom the Gen. Keith L. Ware award. Lt. Col. Bloom now resides in Seoul, South Korea commanding the American Forces Network-Korea.

2011

Gerrie Holliday
Sand Springs High School Class of 1961

Gerrie started out life in the small community of Salina, OK. Her mother and brother moved to Sand Springs in 1957 when she was 12. While living at the Sand Springs Widow’s Colony, Gerrie learned from her mom to "do with what you earned until you earn better”. This early lesson helped her develop a strong work ethic. She started early working after school as an aide at St. John’s Hospital, moving later to the switchboard at the Sand Springs Home offices. Graduation from Sand Springs High School occurred in spring of 1961. She moved up into the Accounting office at the Home until a job was offered at the Sand Springs Railroad. She gave 30 years to the Sand Springs Railway, leaving as an Agent. Gerrie says that school in Sand Springs helped her "do better, go farther, earn more”. She thanks the Sand Springs civic organizations for helping her "give back” all the blessings that came to her and her family in the beginning. It was the Pilot’s Club membership that gave Gerri knowledge of helping others with brain disorders. Little did she know that her efforts through this group would help her later when her husband Fred developed Alzheimer's. Gerrie has given service as a Sand Springs City Counselor member, held offices in the Pilot International, American Heart Assoc., Rotary International, & Women’s Chamber just to name a few. She has one daughter and grandson, all carrying on the Sandite tradition. Gerrie is a true "Sandite Enthusiast”!

Dr. Richard Neal
Charles High School Class of 1967

Richard is the son of John & Francis Neal. He began his elementary schooling in the Sand Springs Public Schools & continued until graduation in 1967. In Jr. High Richard began an accelerated math program taking Algebra in the 8th grade. Along with math, he enjoyed vocal music & drama. He also added sports, beginning with baseball at age 12. When he reached CPHS, he excelled in math, vocal music, wrestling & football. He was part of the undefeated Sandite Football Team of ‘66-’67, where he received the Outstanding Defensive Player award. CPHS Wrestling brought Richard many awards, namely Tulsa World Co-wrestler of the Week, Scholar-Athlete Award of 1967, OK Regional & State AAU Free-style Tournaments, & a scholarship to OU. He also received a vocal music scholarship to OU. He chose to major in mathematics, graduating with a BS, lettering in wrestling & performing in a variety of OU musical productions. Richard has gone on to achieve 10 university degrees in various areas. These include 6 masters & 3 doctorate degrees, one of which was awarded from Oxford University. For the past 25 years, Dr. Neal has taught Mathematics at Oklahoma University, teaching & inspiring over 10,000 students. While at OU he has received the Baldwin Award for Excellence in Teaching & Most Inspiring Professor. In the past 6 years he has been Director of the OU Academy of Engineering, Science & Mathematics. He continues to teach students & teachers alike in the field of mathematics & technology. Dr. Neal is the founder of the US National High School Mathematics Championships held at the OMNIPLEX each summer. Dr. Neal lives with his wife Araceli in the Oklahoma City, OK area. 

2010

Clarence "Scratch" Purser
Sand Springs High School Class of 1959

Scratch began as a Sandite at the Sand Springs Widow’s Colony at the age of 4. He was one of 3 boys born to Caroline Purser. Before graduating, Scratch served as VP of the Senior Class & Co-captain of the Football team. Upon graduation he moved to El Segundo, CA to attend Junior College. It was in 1963 that Scratch joined the Army & was stationed in Germany. He was the member of the 173rd Airborne Rangers & served in Vietnam. Upon returning to OK, Scratch married Martha Grifford & is the proud father of 3 Sandite daughters. His work career comprised of 32 years at Armco/Sheffield Steel and 2.5 yrs. with American Airlines. It was retirement that gave Scratch some of the best years of his life. He immersed himself in his community & church. A 28 yr. member of the American Legion, Scratch dedicated the past several years to have Sgt Billie Hall awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. Mr. Purser enjoyed being a guest speaker for organizations & schools, telling the history of Sand Springs. Scratch served on the Sand Springs Museum board, Co-chaired the Widow’s Colony Reunion, & a member of the Masons for 42 yrs. Sand Springs is a better place due to the efforts of this special Sandite.

Carolyn Morrow Cheney
Sand Springs High School Class of 1958

In the Fall of 1958 she enrolled at Oklahoma State University. Upon returning to Sand Springs in the ‘60’s, Carolyn became community minded, starting the Mother’s Club—Alpha Nu. Her first job was at First Bank & Trust. In ‘69 she was elected from Ward 6 to participate in a team to write a new city charter. In ‘71 Jim Jones asked her to work on his campaign for Congress. Upon his election in Nov ‘72, Carolyn moved to Washington DC. Carolyn thrived at the nation’s capitol, serving as the Congressman’s political liaison. In ‘76 David Obey asked her to organize & set up the Commission on Administrative Review. After this job was completed, Carolyn was asked to work for Congressman Fred Richman. In ‘80 she became Staff Director for the House Agriculture Sub-Committee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations & Nutrition. Over the last 20 yrs. Ms. Cheney has worked for Philip Morris as Director of Gov’t Affairs, Staley Continental as VP of Gov’t Affairs, served on the Board of the Center for National Policy, Chair of the American Sugar Alliance & started her own government relations firm. 

2009

James E. Palmer
Sand Springs High School Class of 1956

Jim graduated from Sand Springs High School in 1956, while growing up in the Bruner Hill Community. During high school he participated in drama, debate, track & football. After graduation he attended OU where he served in the US Army ROTC & graduated in 1960 with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering. He went on to complete a M.S. from Ohio State Univ. After earning his masters, Jim received orders to Fort Hood, TX. His unit was selected as one of the primary units for the possible invasion of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Over the past decades he has served as Chairman of the Board & chief engineer of his company, he served for 17 yrs. on the Board of Education for Sand Springs schools, Salvation Army board, Rotary club, deacon & Sunday school teacher & 2008 Hometown Hero.

Judge Deborah Browers Barnes
Charles Page High School Class of 1972

Upon graduation, Deborah continued on to OU & then law school. Barnes served as the Articles Editor of the Law Review at OK City University School of Law. Upon graduating law school in 1983, she began private practice with the law firm Crowe & Dunlevy. She served as a staff attorney for now retired Supreme Court Justice Ralph Hodges and in 1989 Debbie left the court & practiced with the OKC firm Stack & Barnes. In 1991, Barnes, her husband Ron & son Grayson, moved to Tulsa giving Ron the opportunity to open a Tulsa office for his firm, McKinney & Stringer. Barnes accepted a staff attorney position with Transok, Inc. where she was soon promoted to VP, Human Resources & Administration. In 1997 she got another opportunity to move to ONEOK as VP, secretary & Associate General Counsel. In 2002 she returned to private practice with Crutchmer, Browers & Barnes. In April 2008 she was appointed to the Oklahoma Court of Civil Appeals. 

2008

Charles Jestice
Sand Springs High School Class of 1953

Upon graduation, Charles earned a scholarship to Anderson College at Anderson, Indiana obtaining a degree in mathematics & earning all-conference lineman status. Mr. Jestice has been a coach in Michigan for 30 years, 20 of those years as head coach of Fordson High School in Dearborn, Michigan. Fordson is a historic high school in a district of about 17,000 students. Charles was named AP coach of the year nine times & his overall record was 161-31. He has been Fordson’s all-time winningest coach. Fordson recently named its new football stadium for Charles Jestice. Charles is known for his wonderful sense of humor & being able to motivate his players beyond their talents.

SSgt. Billy Allen Hall
Sand Springs High School Class of 1957

Billie's mom moved to the Widow's Colony in 1942 after the death of his father. While in high school he was active in FFA, serving as secretary & president. Billie had to get special permission from the Sand Springs Home to build cages for his many FFA projects. Billie Hall made friends easily & was known for his big smile & kind manner. In 1960 Billie joined the Army. After basic training he was stationed at Fort Bragg North Carolina for medic training. Christmas 1961 brought Billie home to marry childhood sweetheart, Janice Eyman. In October of 1965 Billie was sent to Na Trang, Vietnam. He had earned the rank of special Forces Medic, Green Beret. It was on the mission to A Shau Special Forces Camp that Billie was severely injured which resulted in his death. Though Billie lost his life, his instructions to medics, despite his injuries saved many lives of his fellow servicemen. 

2007

Randal Wayne White
Sand Springs High School Class of 1959

Richard graduated from Sand Springs High School in 1959. He attended Oklahoma State University graduating in 1963 with a degree in accounting. His financial background lead him to become the controller for Educational Development Corporation in 1983. He became the President/CEO in 1986 when the company was on the verge of bankruptcy. During his 24 years with the company, it has been recognized as one of the "Best Small Companies in America" by Forbes Magazine in 1997 and one of the "100 Fastest Growing Businesse's by Fortune Magazine in 2005. In 2002, The Daily Oklahoman ranked Educational Development Corporation as the #1 company in Oklahoma.

Lotsee Spradling
Charles Page High School Class of 1966

Lotsee graduated from Charles Page High School in 1966 then went on to Oklahoma State University where she majored in animal science. After she received a Bachelor of Science degree from OSU in December 1970, she returned to the family ranch to carry on the family’s cattle operation. She has continued the family line of Polled Herefords started by her parents, George and Garnett Campbell, and is the second generation living on the Flying G Ranch. Over the years, she has opened her home and ranch to countless youth from the Sand Springs area, hosted foreign exchange students, assisted FFA chapters and scouting troops, and served the Sand Springs community on numerous boards and associations.

2006

Dr. Forrest C. Crawford
Charles Page High School Class of 1970

From his award-winning athletic carreer at CPHS and Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College, to presenting keynote speeches in countries as varied as Kuwait and Denmark, Dr. Forrest Crawford exemplifies leadership. He is an educator, earning 2 doctorates from Brigham Young University, a human rights activist and a public affairs leader. His awards include the Martin Luther King Human Rights Holiday Award presented by Coretta Scott King in 1993; the Mahatma Gandhi award for Peace in 2003 and in 1994 the Distinguished alumnus Award from NEO A&M College, Miami. Over the years, Dr. Crawford has traveled around the world presenting lectures on education while still maintaining his love for athletics by running in nearly a dozen marathons since 1988. He is currently a Professor of Teacher Education at Weber State University, Ogden, Utah and serves administratively as its Assistant to the President for Diversity.

Jerry A. Hanner
Sand Springs High School Class of 1958

Just mentioning the name Jerry Hanner around Sand Springs inspires community pride. A lifelong Sandite, Jerry has demonstrated his devotion and commitment to the city since his days at Sand Springs High School where he was leader, scholar and all-round athlete. Throughout his 36 year career at Warren Petroleum, Jerry continued to prove his civic pride by serving as a city councilor and a Municipal Authority Trustee as well as serving as mayor form 1983-1987. Most recently he served as Chairman of the Sand Springs Cultural & Historical Museum Trust Authority where he became a member in 1998. Because of his deep appreciation for the history of Sand springs, he oversaw the renovation process of the Page Memorial Library which now houses the Sand Springs Museum. In 2004, he was proclaimed Sand Springs' " Hometown Hero" and was awarded the John M. Hess Award for Outstanding Citizenship. Jerry is also a Master Gardener, an active member of First Presbyterian Church, a devoted husband, father and grandfather.

2005

Charles Gray
Sand Springs Class of 1947

Mr. Gray retired in 1997 after 50 years as a news broadcaster, both in television and radio. During his career, Gray covered 10 National Conventions. He was the first newsman on the scene to report a huge gasoline fire at one of the Conoco Oil's bulk gasoline plants, which he later narrated a training film, still used today, about the appropriate way to fight gasoline fires. He covered the story of 175 people who were rescued from a 10-story apartment building fire in Kansas City, and the Hyatt Regency skywalk disaster where 116 people were killed. He was on the scene to catch the second blast "live" in Kansas City's worst chemical explosion among many other memorable events. He received a Lifetime Achievement Award for 50 years of Broadcast Service in 1997. He's been honored by the International Association of Firefighters, he's an author of 2 books and is writing a third. Gray has 2 sons and grandsons and now resides in Leawood, Kansas. 

Johnnie Mae Young
Sand Springs High School Class of 1941

Johnnie Mae became one of America's youngest professional wrestlers at the age of 17. Now, "The Great Mae Young" is 82 years old and retirement is one of the furthest things from her mind. She still works out at least 2 hours each day and travels across the country appearing on wrestling cards before live audiences. She became a US Champion Lady Wrestler and defended her crown many times over. In 2004, Ms. Young was inducted into the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame, honored by the Sand Springs Museum and was a guest on Jay Leno's "Tonight Show". When Leno started his lengthy introduction, she reminded him, " Now remember, I am from Sand Springs not Tulsa!". Johnnie Mae has paved the way for many women in a male-dominated wrestling world and is still under contract with Vince McMahon and WWF. She currently has a wrestling school in Columbia, SC and continues to work tiredly to promote and encourage young female wrestlers.

2004

Jerrold Lawless
Sand Springs High School Class of 1952

Mr. Lawless is talented in his own right within the field of music. As a student at Sand Springs High School, Jerrold played in the marching band and orchestra, being accomplished in playing several instruments. Mr. Lawless began college at the University of Tulsa, completing his degree in Music Education from the University of Michigan. He taught 12 years for the Ann Arbor Michigan School System before returning to Tulsa to play with the Tulsa Philharmonic. In 1965 Lawless organized The Young Tulsans, a youth band program for area high school and college musicians. Jerrold joined Tulsa Junior College as the first music instructor and continued teaching for the next 30 years. Unpon his retirement from TCC in 2000, Lawless was one of the only 20 original staff and faculty members who had been with TJC/TCC since its creation in 1970. Lawless resides in Tulsa with his wife Kathryn.

Dr. George Everett
Sand Springs High School Class of 1947

Mr. Everett has spent the majority of his life in journalism and publishing. Though he began working for his father's publishing business, The Hunter's Horn, his love of journalism has taken him out of Oklahoma to teaching in places such as Tennessee and Utah. Mr. Everett served as Professor of Journalism at the Univeristy of Tennessee and Assistant Professor of Journalism at the University of Utah. While at University of Tennessee he also served as Assistant Dean for the College of Communications. As a citizen of Sand Springs in the '50s and '60s, he was active with many civic and church responsibilities. Retired as Professor Emeritus in 1996, George and his wife Sandy had the opportunity to settle on a mountain side overlooking Salt Lake City. A very special contribution to Sand Springs is his book "Sandite Sketches". Mr. Everett has donated all rights to the Sand Springs Museum, and encourages all Sandite alumni to join the museum's efforts to record, present and preserve Sand Springs' colorful history for future generations.

2003

Opal Clark
Sand Springs High School Class of 1934

If not for Opal Clark, the story of Charles Page and the birth of a town built on benevolence might have been limited to oral history and yellowed newspaper accounts. Her book "A Fool's Enterprise: the Life of Charles Page" brought Sand Springs' history to life and fulfilled the 62 year old dream of the girl who knew the town founder as "Daddy Page". Her biological father died before she was born in Bennefield, OK. At 3 years old her dying mother lovingly placed her, her 2 sisters and 1 brother in the care of Charles Page and the Sand Springs Home. She came to love the town and Sand Springs Schools. She was 14 when Page died. She felt compelled to someday write about his life, the city and his passion for the Sand Springs Home and Widows' Colony. Cpt. B.F. Breeding, the Home's first superintendent, provided her with personal recollections, journals and photographs. Clark's book was published in 1988 and has had additional editions published since then. Her passion for telling Page's story has never faded. "Who would have ever thought that the little girl who loved to tell scary stories to entertain little ones would also have the opportunity to tell the beautiful story of a man who built a city out of love for children like me?" Opal said.

George Paden
Sand Springs High School Class of 1957

The history of Sand Spring Schools can't be written without the name of George Paden. He is the only person to have been student, teacher, principal, administrative assistant, associate superintendent and superintendent. When he resigned in 2000 after 38 years with the school district, Paden did not retire his allegiance for the schools. He signed on as a volunteer mentor at Central Elementary. Today, he remains an advocate for public education. A 1957 graduate of Sand Springs High School, Paden earned a Bachelor of Science degree from OK Baptist University and a Master's Degree from OK State University. He and his wife Charlotte raised 2 sons, Andy and Todd in Sand Springs. Dedicated to his community, Paden used his leadership skills as chairman of the Salvation Army Advisory Council, Sand Springs Day Springs Villa Advisory Board and the President of the Sand Springs Rotary Club. In 1988, he was Rotary District Governor and in 1991 a Rotary International Benefactor. In 1993, he received a Profile in Excellence Award from OBU. Today Paden serves as a textbook consultant for Harcourt School Publishers and remains active in the community.

2002

Bennie Osborn
Sand Springs High School Class of 1956

Bennie Osborn attended 9 different schools from first through ninth grade before settling into Sand Springs High School for his sophomore, junior and senior years. a chance enrollment in metal shop and auto mechanics helped shape his future. Under the tutelage of Charles Halcomb, he became a skilled welder and quickly learned his way around a car. During class time, Osborn rebuilt in his 1953 Ford that he began racing around town. He liked to drive fast and neither speeding tickets nor a suspeneded driver's license slowed him down. After spending some time in California, he returned to Oklahoma and began racing again. Osborn was the first racer to earn back-to-back Top Fuel World Championships. In 1967 and 1968 he added the national Hot Rod Association laurels to his list of numerous other victories. Osborn continues to hold the record for the richest drag race per second. He was still at the top when a crash at Mo-Kan Raceway resulted in a neck injury that took him out of drag racing in 1972. He sings in an a cappella gospel quartet, The Glory Notes, and travels to sing in churches across the US.

Dr. John Wolf
Charles Page High School Class of 1967

Dr. John Wolf, a Muscogee Creek Indian, attended Garfield Elementary, Central Junior High and Charles Page High School, and was a great student who excelled both in academics and athletics. He knew at a young age that he wanted to be a doctor, and worked hard toward that goal. John attended Phillips University in Enid, the University of OK and then offered a scholarship to Dartmouth College, where he graduated from medical School in 1976. He was a member of the American indian Physicians Association and worked with Dr. Everett R. Rhoades who greatly influenced Indian students to become physicians. John established a free Indian Health Clinic in Oklahoma City in 1981. He helped set up a program that allowed Dartmouth College medical students to work for the Federal Indian Health Service. John specialized in plastic surgery and his colleagues at Elliott Hospital and Catholic Medical Center in Manchester, New Hampshire, said he cared for rich and poor alike. "A lot of times in plastic surgery, you get surgeons who just want to take the Bedford ladies. He worked on everybody. Those from Lake Avenue and the homeless from the soup kitchens." Dr. John Wolf died May 16, 2000 at age 50, from surgery complications.

2001

John Beck
Sand Springs High School Class of 1956

John graduated from Sand springs High School in 1956 and attended the University of OK for two years before serving in the U.S. Army with the peacekeeping force in Korea. He earned his B.S. degree in Engineering Physics from the University of Tulsa and an M.S. from Northeastern in Boston in 1970. he was hired by Westinghouse immediately following graduation from T.U. as an experimental physicist designing submarine reactors at the Westinghouse plant in Pittsburgh. In 1967 he was hired by Yankee Atomic Electric Co., a public utility based in Boston and remained there for 11 years in a number of technical and management positions culminating as Director of Engineering for the Nuclear Service Division. It was during this period that he became nationally and internationally recognized as an expert in the field of nuclear engineering. Among other distinctions he was asked to serve as a committee member of the Edison Company in evaluating the effectiveness of nuclear facilities throughout the US, met with Senate committees concerned with safety issues and in 1975 was sent to the First International Nuclear Conference in Paris as a delegate of the US. In 1992 he formed his own firm, Little Harbor Consultants in Cohasset, Massachusetts, and his form has recently emphasized consulting assistance in establishing and maintaining an open work environment, and productivity and financial performance strategies for its client base.

Mary Helen Burke
Sand Springs High School Class of 1932

Mary Helen graduated from Sand Springs High School in 1932 and worked for Kerr Glass in Sand Springs and then Stanolind Oil in Tulsa, where she worked on a computer which was the size of a room, using the old IBM punch cards. Her desire to fly began by her listening to the 10:30 PM American Airlines flight from Tulsa to Oklahoma City every night as it flew over her house. She got to take flying lessons at Harvey Young Airport and after hearing about the Women Air Force Service Pilots program, she applied for admission and was accepted. After graduation she was assigned to fly navigators on their training missions out of Hondo Field in Texas, where they flew both day and night, over land and sea. The WASPs were deactivated in 1945 and Mary Helen moved to California where she owned and operated an instrument flight school for several years. During this time she flew in several cross-country women's races, the Powder Puff Derby and the Sky Lady Derby, which she won. Flying was a large part of her life, as she continued working in aviation in both Dallas and Houston. After nearly 40 years, Congress passed a bill that officially recognized the WASPs as a part of the military service. She went on to own her own bookkeeping service in Sand Springs and kept flying every chance she got, mostly out of the old Sims Airport at Shell Creek.

Al Dodson, Sr.
Sand Springs High School Class of 1936

Alfred Dodson, Sr. attended school here from first grade until his senior year in 1936. He went to work for R.L. Mobley Funeral Home right out of high school and was there until he joined the service in 1944. He served with the 1864th Service Command Unit, Military Police Department. Al graduated from the University of Mortuary Science in Kansas City in 1948 and purchased an interest in Mobley Funeral Home in 1963, renaming it Mobley Dobson Funeral Service. They are now partners in Mobley Dodson Funeral Service in Sand Springs, Fitzgerald Ivy Chapel and Fitzgerald Southwood Colonial Chapel Funeral Homes in Tulsa. He was appointed by former Governor George Nigh to the State Board of Embalmers and Funeral Directors serving 11 years as President and Secretary to that Board. He has served as Chairman of Sand Springs Community Chest Board, now the United Way, Advisory Board Chairman of the Sand Springs Salvation Army in 1969, Chairman of the Sand Springs City/County Health Department Advisory Board, and Chairman of the Annexation Committee that placed the 5-mile perimeter around Sand Springs. He has served in several offices of the Sand Springs Area Chamber of Commerce and is a 35-year member of the Sand Springs Community Services, formerly the Sand Springs Welfare Association.

2000

Bessie Crawford Zackery
Booker T. Washington School Class of 1934

Bessie came to Sand Springs in the 1920's and graduated Valedictorian from Booker T. Washington School in 1934. She received a B.A. degree in 1938 from Langston University. After graduation, she returned to Sand Springs and began teaching Art and Elementary Education at Booker T. Washington School. To keep up to date with current teaching methodology, she spent each summer for several years taking graduate courses at Colorado State Teachers College, Oklahoma State University and the University of Tulsa, where whe earned her Masters of Teaching Arts degree in 1959. After 28 years at BTW, Bessie transferred to Limestone Elementary school and remained there until she retired in 1979. During her 40 years of teaching, she was honored by her church in 1977 for unselfish contributions, acts of kindness and role modleing, and as the 1978 Teacher of the Year by the Sand Springs Education Association. She was selected as the Outstanding Alumnus of Sand Springs Booker T. Washington Alumni association in 1981, the Sand Springs Hometown Hero in 1996, the VIM (Very Important Member) of the Sand Springs Retired Educators Association and Oklahoma retired Educators Association and in 1999, the Ageless Hero Award given by Blue Cross & Blue Shield of OK, given to celebrate the spirit and vitality of our nation's Senior Citizens.

M. David Riggs
Sand Springs High School Class of 1955

David graduated from Sand Springs High School with the class of 1955, serving as President of the Student Body and lettering in 3 sports. He graduated from Phillips University with a B.A. in Philosophy, English and Political Science. While at Phillips he received the Outstanding Creative Writer Award, the Outanding Athlete Award and served as President of the Student Body. In 1962, he graduated from the University of Oklahoma with a Masters Degree in Philosophy. He completed a Special Studies in Crime & Poverty from the University of Minnesota in 1965 and graduated from the University of Tulsa College of Law with a Doctor of Jurisprudence Degree in 1968. In 1969 he was a graduate of the University of Nevada in the National College of Juvenile Justice. David served in the Oklahoma House of Representatives and the Oklahoma Senate. In 1972 he became a founding partner of Riggs, Abney, Neal, Turpen, Orbison & Lewis Law Firm, which now has offices in Tulsa, Oklahoma City, Muskogee and Denver. They have over 90 lawyers and 200 employees.

1999

Erwin D. Phillips
Sand Springs High School Class of 1946

Mr. Phillips graduated from Sand Springs High School in 1946. He then received a B.S. in History and Political Science in 1951 from Tulsa University and graduated from Tulsa University School of Law with a J.D. in 1961. He was the Sand Springs City Atttorney for 27 years, and in 1966 proposed and created the Fenceline Concept to protect the city from encroachment from other cities. He has had a private law pratice in Sand Springs for 37 years. As a member of the Sand Springs Rotary Club since 1961, serving as President in 1971-72, he started the Rotary Bean Lunch to benefit the Sand Springs Welfare Association and continues to oversee it each year. Erwin has served as a board member of Sand Springs Community Services, Inc., since 1970, serving as the President from 1982-1996. Under his leadership, construction was completed on the Lucile Page Manor, a new $3.6 million dollar housing develpment in Sand Springs for low income Senior citizens and Community Services acquired their own building at 26 E. 2nd, where they are able to conduct daily operations for the agency. Erwin is a board member and Past President and Past Treasurer of the Salvation Army, Charles Page Community Corps and in 1996 received the B.F. Breeding award. he also serves the Tulsa City Command as a board member and on the property commitee. Erwin is a Past District Chairman and District Sustaining Membership Enrollment Chairman for the Sand Springs Area Boy Scouts of America, Indian Nations Council. He currently serves on the Board of Directors, Past Treasurer and received the Silver Beaver Award in 1978, the highest award given to an adult "scouter". Erwin is a member and past President of the Sand Springs Sertoma Club, receiving the Gem Award in 1995 and the Centurion Award in 1998. In addition, Erwin volunteers with other organizations too numerous to list.

Sam Harris
Charles Page High School Class of 1979

The diversified and highly acclaimed career of Sam Harris has run the gamut from singer and songwiter to actor and director. Sam attended Sand Springs Public Schools and graduated with the class of 1979. He first splashed into the public eye as the grand champion of "Star Search" in its premiere season. His phenomenal "overnight" rise catapulted him into the recording industry, where he sold over a million copies of both "Sam Harris" and "Sam-I-AM", which he produced. Sam has toured in the country in concert and has played to sold-out audiences at Carnegie Hall, Los Angeles' Universal Amphitheater and London's West End. He wrote the TBS sit-com "Down to Earth" which ran for 4 years, and also penned the Los Angeles produced musicals "Hurry! Hurry! Hollywood!" and "Hard Copy" receiving a myriad of awards. Sam has made appearances on numerous television shows, specials and live productions and he has been seen on virtually every talk show. In the theater, he has starred in such shows as "Jesus Christ Superstar", "Cabaret", "Hard Copy", and an extensive national trour of Andrew Lloyd Webber's Broadway production of "Joseph & the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat". On Broadway, Sam received a Drama Desk nomination for his role in Tommy Tune's "Grease" and most recently received a Drama League Award as well as Tony, Outer Critic's Circle and Drama Desk nominations for his work in Cy Coleman's "The Life". Sam's most recent recordings include the critically acclaimed "Standard Time" and "Different Stages". He is currently recording his newest DC, entitiled "Revival" to be release in 1999 and looking forward to staring as Al Jolson in the Broadway production of "The Jazz Singer".

1998

James A. Sanders
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1941

James A. "Jim" Sanders was a native Sandite, graduating from Sand Springs High in 1941. he served in the Army Air Corps (now the Air Force) reaching the rank of Staff Sergeant. He later owned a Dental lab, and at one time owned his own Ford agency in Wagoner, OK. Jim loved golfing and spent his retirement years doing such. He held memberships in Forest Ridge Golf Club; volunteered at the PGA tournaments and for Fred Jones' Industries, organizing their golf tournaments and picnics. He was a past president and member of the Sand Springs Board of Education; served as Director and Vice President of the Oklahoma State School Boad Association; had represented Congressional District #1 as member of the Federal Relations Network of the National School Board Association; and served as president of Wagoner Area Chamber of Commerce and Wagoner Club of Rotary International; Board Advisor for Sand Springs Rotary Board of Directors; Rotary Govenor's Representative for District 6110; Chairman for Wagoner County Trust Authority; Oklahoma Green Country Board Member; Member of Board of Directors for Ford Dealers Advertising Fund; served as Captain of Wagoner County Deputy Sheriff Patrol and Chairman of Wagoner County recreational Complex Advisory Board. Jim was a 32nd degree Mason, Tulsa York Rite Bodies, Wagoner Lodge No. 98, and Muskogee Bedouin Temple; and member of Sand Springs Rotary Club. Special honors he received were: Century Member, Boy Scouts of America; Honorary member Oklahoma State Troopers Association for outstanding service; Professional Salesman's Association, Lincoln-Mercury Division; and Ford Motor Company Distinguished Service Citation. Jim was an active member of First United Methodist Church, Tulsa, serving as an Administrative Board member, Head Usher, Healing Prayer Team member and other ministries. Jim died at age 73 on March 3, 1997. Although Jim had an active, fulfulling life, his one big regret was that he never went to college.

I. J. Ganem
Charles Page High School, Class of 1969

I.J. Ganem was born on January 6, 9151 in Ray, Arizona. When I.J. was two years old, his family moved to Sand Springs where he lived until 1997. He attended Kindergarten at St. Partick's Catholic school then attending the Sand Springs Public School system from the first grade through the 12th grade. While in Jr. High, I.J. and a friend started a rock band called the "Rogues Five," which met with good success to the point of opening for "The Doors", "Paul Revere and the Raiders", "The Shadows of the Night", and "The Kingsmen". After high school, IlJ. attended Tulsa University and during his college years gave up his music, although he never managed to get it out of his system. He then preformed for 2 years at a Tulsa night spot where he started out as a solo acoustic performer, playing guitar and clanking his heels on the bar stool, because he didn't have any other kind of percussion. He has perfomed for the last 4 govenors of Oklahoma, at their requests. He has 2 national music videos on TNN. Due to the popularity of his command performances, he has been referred to by the owners of Shangri-La as the Ambassador to Grand Lake. I.J. has signed on for the 1998 season for "Branson City Lights" at the Remuington Theatre in Branson, MO, which will be his second season there. Not only has I.J. achieved personal celebrity status with his music, he is also owner of Saddlerock Agency, which is one of the most successful talent agencis in Oklahoma. I.J. currently lives in Sand Springs with his wife and son.

1997

Michael Dale Case

Growing up in west Tulsa near Sand springs, Mr. Case's family moved after his 8th grade year to Arkansas. Case would later marry his high school sweetheart, Pat. With their family starting soon after marriage, Mike put his time and energy into supporting his new family. When he came back to Tulsa, he began working for Roger Hardesty, an up and coming apartment developer. Case worked for Hardesty for 15 years until he ventured out on his own in 1983 and started Case & Associates Properties. His property management firm has grown to being worth nearly $2 billion, spanning six states and about 25,000 apartment units. The company employees more than 600 in eight cities throughout the southern US. In addition to being a Certified Property Manager and real estate broker, Case has experience in real estate financing and construction. He has served on the board of directors of the Metropolitan Tulsa Chamber of Commerce; the Tulsa, OK and National Apartment Associations; and the board of trustees of Philbrook Museum. He serves on the board of governors of Southern Hills Country Club. From 1990-1994, he served as a commissioner for the Oklahoma Department of Transportation for northeastern Oklahoma. Mr. Case and his wife Pat have been married for 33 years, have 3 children and 9 grandchildren.

Cleta Evans

1996

Linda L. Robertson
Charles Page High School, Class of 1973

Ms. Robertson was sworn in as Asst. Secretary at the Department of Treasury on June 14, 1995. Linda advises the Secretary and all Sub-Cabinet officers on Congressional relations policy. She is the principal contact and coordinator at Treasury for Congress and for Congressional Relations Activities at the White House and other departments. She advises the Secretary on all departmental relations with businesses, trade associations, nonpofit organizations, state and local elected officals and the general public. After graduating from Charles Page High School, Robertson completed a B.A. degree in Polictical Science/Economics in only 3 years from the University of Southern Illinois. She was also selected as the Outstanding Speaker at the national Colleg Debate Tournament in 1975. Robertson earned a J.D. at the University of Tulsa in 1979 and then attended Georgetown university Law Center and earned a master of Laws in 1986. Ms. Robertson has been at the Treasury since January, 1993 when she was named Deputy Asssistant Secretary, responsible for the Department's legislative activities relating to tax and budget issues. Prior to joining the Treasury, she was partner with the law firm of Powell, Goldstein, Frazer and Muphy in Washington, DC specializing in energy, policy and tax legislation. From 1976 through 1987 she was staff counsel then tax counsel to Representative James Jones, handling all tax legislation before the Committee on Ways and Means.

John Fitzgerald Blake
Charles Page High School, Class of 1979

John Blake is the son of James and Dorothy Blake of Sand Springs and graduated from Charles Page High School in 1979. Blake was a 4-year letterman at fullback and noseguard under Vocational Director and then-head football coach A.D. James. He was named all-state, all-metro and all-conference his junior and senior years and was most valuable player in the 1979 All-state game and the (Oklahoma/Texas) Oil Bowl Game. Blake signed with the University of Oklahoma, where he was a 3-year letterman at noseguard under coach Barry Switzer. Twice, Blake was named the Big 8 Defensive Player of the week and was a second-team all Big 8 at noseguard. He graduated from OU in 1983 with a Bachelor of Arts & Sciences degree. Blake became a graduate assistant at the University of Oklahoma under coach Switzer form 1984 to 1987, during which the Sooners won a national championship. In 1988, he became an assistant coach at the University of Tulsa under coach Dave Rader; then returned to OU from 1989 until 1992 as an assistant coach under Gary Gibbs. In 1993, Blake became the Defensive Line Coach for the Dallas Cowboys, during which the Cowboys won 2 Super Bowls. Blake was selected as one of the Outstanding Young Men in America in 1988 and was named the 20th Head Coach at the University of Oklahoma on December 31, 1995.

1995

Danny Lee McDonald
Charles Page High School, Class of 1964

A graduate of Charles Page High School, Danny McDonald graduated from Oklahoma State University with a Bachelor of Arts in political science and economics. He has held numberous positions with the federal government. At the time of his induction, Mr. McDonald was serving as Democratic Comissioner with the Federal Election Commission of which he was orginally appointed by President Ronald Regan in 1981.

Jack B. Johnson
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1952

A graduate of Sand Springs High School and Oklahoma Baptist University, Jack Johnson earned a Master of Divinity degree from Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary in Mill Valley, California. He earned a Ph.D from California Graduate School of Theology in Glendale. Johnson has held numerous Denominational Administrative positions and at the time of induction was serving as president of the Radio and Television Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention.

Marshall Vaughn Perry
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1937

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, Marshall Vaughan Perry is a graduate of the Oklahoma School of Accountancy. Upon graduation, he worked for the Mid-Continent Petroleum Company in the Accounting Department. He served in the Army Air Corp in the China-Burma-India Theater. After his discharge, Perry continued his education at the University of Tulsa. In 1954 he founded and started Ark Valley Gas Company, Inc.

1994

Montie R. Box
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1947

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, Montie Box graduated from Oklahoma State University and served in the U.S. Army. In 1973 he was named Oklahoma Realtor of the Year. He is a member of the Masonic Lodge, Rotary and the American Legion. In 1990 Box was the Founder of the Sand Springs Education Foundation, standing as a private partner with the Sand Springs Public Schools. He is currently owner and president of Montie Box Company.

Richard Courter
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1951

A graduate of Sand Springs High School and Tulsa University, Richard Courter received honors in 1980 as a "1950's All Star Basketball Player" by the Jim Thorpe Athletic Hall of Fame. He was also inducted into the University of Tulsa Athletic Hall of Fame in 1993, becoming the 7th basketball player in school history to achieve this honor. At the time of induction, he was employed as a marketing development representative for PEPSICO. 

L.W. Welch, Jr.
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1939

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, L. W. Welch, Jr. graduated from Tulsa University with the highest grade point average of any engineering student in his class. He was a World War II Navy veteran. Welch worked for Carter Oil Company and eventually became vice-president of ESSO Europe. He was also president of ESSO Exploration and Production, U.K.

1993

Tot M. Brown
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1934

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, Tot Brown served in the U. S. Air Corps. He played trumpet with several dance bands and held the Principle Chair for the French horn in the Tulsa Philharmonic. He was an instrumental music teacher for 6 years for the Sand Springs Schools. He served as a State Representative. At the time of induction he was serving as the Treasurer for the Sand Springs School District.

Hon. Thomas S. Crewson
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1950

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, Thomas Crewson was appointed Presiding Judge of the Municipal Court of Tulsa, Juvenile Court Referee, Special District Judge for the juvenile division and became a full District Judge. He was also apppointed Chief Judge of the Juvenile Division.

J. Dean Speer
Sand Springs High School, Class of 1956

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, J. Dean Speer became Director of Policy and Analysis for the Wage and Hour headquarter in Washington, DC. He received the Secretary of Labors Exceptional Achievement Award for his work with Revised Regulations affecting public sector employees.

1992

Jerry Adair
Sand Springs High School Class of 1955

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, Jerry Adair excelled in football, baseball and basketball. After playing baseball at Oklahoma State University, Adair signed a major league contract at age 21. Adair played first with the Baltimore Orioles, then later played for the Chicago White Sox, the Boston Red Sox and the Kansas City Royals. A Tulsa news reported quoted saying about Jerry, "he was one of the best athletes to come out of Tulsa in my lifetime." Jerry Adair passed away after a short bout with cancer on May 31, 1987.

Hon. William Means
Sand Springs High School Class of 1951

A graduate of Sand Springs High School, William Means went on to complete a law degree at Tulsa University. Upon graduation, he was appointed Public Defender in 1961. He was know for being a "real stickler of the law", saying "you don't have to agree with the decision, but we were upholding the law and that is the important thing." Means served a number of years as a district judge with the Tulsa District Court. After that he served as an appellate judge. Mr. Means retired, enjoying his love of restoring vintage automobiles. William Means passed away December 2012.

Barbara Guynn Smith
Sand Springs High School Class of 1956

1991

Charles E. Buchner, III
Sand Springs High School Class of 1957

The valedictorian of his class in 1957, Ed Buchner worked for the J.P. Morgan Company as an international banker. He worked extensively in supplier and export finance advisory assignments, assisting New York City's Metropolitan Transportaion Authority and the National Power Company in Iceland with financial matters. He holds Bachelor of Arts and Juris Doctorate degrees from OU and has completed graduate work at the University of Melbourne, Australia on a Rotary Fellowship.

Jan Hagara
Sand Springs High School Class of 1957

Jan Hagara has earned a world-wide reputation as an artist and as a creator of collectable prints and porcelain dolls, collector plates and figurines. Her original watercolor paintings focus on capturing the innocence of childhood through pictures of young children in Victorian-era costumes, clutching dolls, toys or flowers while looking out through wide wistful eyes. Her artwork is featured in over 6,000 shops throughout the United States.

Ken Neal
Sand Springs High School Class of 1953

Mr. Neal was a graduate of the University of Tulsa to later become the associate editor of the Tulsa World newspaper. At the paper he worked as state editor, assistant city editor, living section editor, political editor, business & finance editor and editorial writer at the metropolitan newspaper. In 1991 he was inducted into the Oklahoma Journalism Hall of Fame. He has received numberous awards for his support of public education.

1990

Marques Haynes
Sand Springs Booker T. Washington High School Class of 1942

Marques Haynes began playing basketball with his siblings. It was during his years at Langston University that his "trick handling" of the ball drew the attention of the Globetrotters. Marques Haynes gained national fame when he played basketball with the Harlem Globetrotters, the Harlem Magicians, Meadowlark Lemon's Bucketeers and the Harlem Wizards. Throughout his basketball career, Mr. Haynes played in 103 countries and in many cities in the United States. He retired in 1992, after a 46 year career. He resides in the Dallas, TX area.

Col. William R. Pogue
Sand Springs High School Class of 1947

Bill's 25-year military career included a combat tour in Korea, two years as aerobatic pilot with the Thunderbirds, a tour as an assistant professor of mathematics at the Air Force Academy, and an exchange assignment as test pilot with the Royal Air Force. During his career he flew over fifty types and models of American, British and Czech aircraft. Col. Pogue was selected as one of 19 astronauts to participate in the Apollo 7, 11 and 14 missions in space exploration in 1966. His 84-day space flight aboard the Skylab space station ('73-'74, with astronauts Jerry Carr and Ed Gibson) set eight endurance and distance records. He made two space walks (one for a new record-of over seven hours) and conducted numerous experiments related to studies of the Earth, the sun and the long-term effects of zero gravity on crewmembers. He logged 7,200 hours flight time, including 4,200 hours in jet aircraft and 2,017 in space flight. Bill left NASA in 1977 and, since, has worked as an independent technical contractor for several aerospace and energy firms. Col. Pogue currently lives in FL.

Hon. Robert D. Simms
Sand Springs High School Class of 1943

A 1943 graduate of Sand Springs High School, Justice Robert D. Simms was appointed to the State Court of Criminal Appeals in 1971 and served as Chief Justice from 1985-1986. Simms is a graduate of the University of Tulsa School of Law and has served as Assistant County Attorney, Chief Criminal Prosecutor, and Tulsa County Attorney.